Glossary of Hosting and Billing Terms in H-Sphere




A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

For the reference, see related documentation ()

A

 
A Record - Address Record
Used to transfer a domain name into an IP address. See also MX Records and CNAME Record.

Account
One account, also referred to as CP account, can be defined as an instance of a plan. One account regardless of its type (admininstrative, reseller, reseller administrative or user), requires one license. Once an account is deleted, the license gets released and can be taken by new accounts.

Account Suspension
The act of closing user access to their control panel, but preserving its content and configuration.
 
Affiliate Program
(also referred to as Referral Program) Affiliate Program allows making money by referring customers to a partner website. You place a referral link (text or banner) on your Affiliate Site. Every time a customer signs up through referral link on your site, you earn a percentage of the sale. Affiliate commission is based on completed signups. Affiliate support is available only for credit card accounts as they are not subject to moderation.

Agent Log
A log file that stores data about agents used to enter the site -- such as browsers or any other Internet-based software -- and all related data.
 
Anonymous FTP
This feature allows to give public FTP access to a dedicated directory in your account. This allows users without accounts to access files by entering the username anonymous, along with their email address as a password. Because anyone can access files that have been set up for anonymous FTP, it is necessary to be careful to use it only for files meant for public consumption. See also FTP Subaccount and Virtual FTP.

Antispam
(also referred to as SpamAssassin)The system that allows to trace, filter out and delete spam messages coming to your mailbox. It doesn't delete messages recognized as spam but only marks them as spam and delivers them in a regular way, which is why these messages also count against your summary traffic.

Antivirus
(also referred to as ClamAV)A resource that checks incoming mail for viruses and if detects any, sends e-mail notification about it and deletes the virus mail. Antivirus resource can be enabled for all mail domains in your account, for specific maildoman and for mail resources of specific maildomain.
 
Authoritative Server
A server that contains a master set of data. When there is a change in the data, the authoritative server is updated. See also Primary Server and Secondary Server.
Autoresponder
A utility that automatically sends a preset message in reply to all mail sent to the autoresponder's e-mail address. It doesn't store the incoming mail as mailboxes do, nor can it be used to send messages other than the preset autoresponse.

AWStats
A powerful tool that generates advanced web, ftp or mail server statistics, graphically. This log analyzer works as a CGI or from command line and shows you all possible information your log contains, in few graphical web pages.


B

Background Job Manager
A utility that allows enabling, starting and disabling selected cron jobs from the admin control panel only.

Bandwidth
In website hosting, bandwidth is the amount of information downloadable from the webserver over a prescribed period of time, i.e. a month, a week. If you download a total greater than allowed bandwidth per month, the bandwidth limit will have been exceeded.

Billing Email
Email address set by the user to receive all order confirmations, billing statements, account notifications etc.

Billing Info
Contact information used for billing. It is entered at signup and later can be edited in user CP in Billing -> Billing profile. See below Billing Profile.

Billing Period
Billing period determines how far in advance recurrent fees for billing period resources are prepaid. One-month billing period comes with every new plan by default. You can create multiple billing periods of different length for your customers which allows more flexibility in pricing.

Billing Profile
A billing profile is a set of billing details such as credit card information and billing info. It is required to collect payments and to contact you on financial or related matters. You can have several billing profiles and use them in turn, activating the one you would like to be charged. You can share one billing profile between your accounts, if you have more than one.

Billing Statement
A billing statement is a detail comulative record of paid activity reflecting all charges and credits incurred during a billing period. This means each billing statement represents user's paid activity during the billing period.

Billing Type
Billing types indicate whether and how users pay for hosting services (Credit Cards, Online Payment Systems, Checks, Trial, No Billing). Plans in H-Sphere can be commercial and free. Free plans are typically used to host your corporate site, use an external billing system, or to disable billing for any other reasons. Commercial plans require payments by credit cards or checks, allow trial hosting for a limited period of time.

Bounce Message
A notification message returned to sender indicating that an email message could not be delivered.



C

Catch All
A resource that allows to collect email messages sent to a nonexistent account on the mail domain. If Catch All isn't enabled on any mail resource running on the mailbox's mail domain, such email message will bounce back to the sender with an error notification.

Certificate Authority
A certificate authority is an authority in a network that issues and manages security credentials and public keys for message encryption and decryption.

Chain Certificate
A base certificate plus a sequence of all digital certificates up to but not including the Root Certificate.

Charge Log
A report that shows the messages that H-Sphere exchanged with the Credit Card Online Processing Center.

CNAME Record - Canonical Name Record
Allows a machine or host to be referenced by more than one name. A CNAME can be used to define an alias host name. You can also use aliases when a host changes its name. See also A Record and MX Record.

Compatible Plans
Plans grouped by their compatibility: with the same platform, on the same server, similar resources.

Control Panel
(also referred to as H-Sphere) is the interface provided to maintain and monitor the hosted website. It allows providing a heterogeneous operating system environment to your customers across multiple servers located in various data centers. The CP consists of many subsystems: DNS/Server Management, User Signup, Billing, Merchant Gateways, User/Account/Domain Management, Resellers.

CP SSL
An SSL certificate type that can secure your control panel with a regular SSL certificate. At this point, CP SSL is installed from the command line on the CP server.

Credit Card Encryption
A feature that allows you to add security by encrypting all the credit card numbers and to control when the credit card numbers are accessible by the Control Panel. See also Private key and Public Key.

Credit Card Processor
A third party vendor who processes the credit card information.

Crash Report
An H-Sphere package that integrates crash report interface to administrator's Control Panel. It allows reporting your H-Sphere problems to H-Sphere support directly from your admin control panel. Problem reports will include basic information about CP version, kernel, system Java and database, and major packages installed on the affected boxes to make fixing the problem easier.

Credit an Account
To put a fixed amount to an account.

Credit Limit
Amount of account's 'expenses' to be accumulated until it is charged. If you set Credit Limit to zero, users will be able to acquire only free resources. After this amount has been reached, the user cannot purchase any more resources.

Custom DNS record
Custom DNS records are required to manage non-HSphere servers with H-Sphere DNS zone or to configure new logical servers that are added manually. Depending on the service, you can add A Records and MX Records and CNAME records

Custom Jobs
A utility that allows you to track the additional services you offer to your customers. This could be any type of job such as web design and development, installations, support, or even marketing services. You can use it to track services you offer both for resellers and end users. Resellers also have this facility to work with their end users.



D

Datacenter
(also referred to as NOC (Network Operations Center)) A physical center from where networks are managed. Typically, a datacenter has hundreds or even thousands of Web servers with multiple connections to the backbone, and power backup systems.

Dead License
The Miva licenses already used up. Such licenses can't be re-used.

Debit an Account
When you debit a check payment user, the amount is subtracted from the account balance. When you debit a credit card payment user, the amount is first subtracted from the account balance, and when the credit limit is reached, all the negative balance is charged to the credit card.

 
Dedicated IP
An IP address that is set aside specifically for one domain. This means that if someone types in the numeric form of the IP address the same domain will always appear in the browser. See also Shared IP.

 
DS (Dedicated Server) Hosting
This feature is available in H-Sphere 2.5 and up. Unlike in shared hosting where many client sites are located on the same server and share network bandwidth, here users have their own server and fixed amount of bandwidth limited only by their agreement with the provider. This allows them to choose server software according to their own preferences. Dedicated server is a good solution for those site owners whose profit depends on high load perfomance of their sites e.g. online store runners etc.

 
DS Bandwidth Billing
There are two approaches to bandwidth calculation: average and 95th percentile. It can also be measured either in megabits per second or in gigabytes. Bandwidth billing type is chosen for a dedicated server plan i.e. all users signed to a particular plan will be billed according to this type determined by the provider.

 
DS Maintenance
Involves backup manager that receives client backup requests and trouble ticket system through which requests for server upgrade, cancellation, reboot and adding extra IPs are sent. Such requests should be processed manually.

 
DS Plan
A kind of plans in H-Sphere 2.5+ designed for selling dedicated servers and related resources.

 
DS Status
Indicators successively assigned to each dedicated server in the system, whether manually or automatically: Disabled -> Available -> In use -> On hold -> Clean up. They help administrators manage and motinor their servers.

 
DS Template
To simplify billing and managing of dedicated servers with the same parameters, they are added to the system from templates where server's operating system, RAM and disk space are specified. When setting a dedicated server plan, provider chooses templates to be available in it. As some clients may have special needs, there is also a possibility to add custom-built dedicated servers assiged directly to such clients but not sold via plans.

Delegated Shared SSL
An SSL certificate type that allows your resellers to offer their customers your service domain for third level hosting and wildcard certificate installed on it.

Directory Indexes
A tool that allows to set your own index pages instead of those specified in the default settings. In other words, you can tell your visitors' browsers which page to load as they hit your domain. Usually, it's /index.html by default, but you can set any other custom welcome page.

Disk Quota
Disk space in H-Sphere is allocated to customers through quotas, which are set separately for user's home directory on the web server and each user mailbox and database. Quotas are obligatory plan resources and can't be disabled. Customers can't upload and store more MB than the resource quota allows (except for My/Pg SQL DBs) and will get an error message if they try to do so.

Disk Usage
Every 24 hours a cron script scans end user's FTP home directory, all mailboxes, and DBs to summarize the disk space and make up summary disk usage for the last day. Summary readings of each daily scan are added up and divided by days elapsed from the beginning of the billing month. The resulting amount makes up user's average summary disk usage.

Disk Usage Limit
User's initial summary disk usage limit is made up by summary disk usage free units. If by the end of billing month user's average summary disk usage exceeds it, they will be charged usage (overlimit) fees. To prevent it, users can increase their summary disk usage limit and be charged recurrent fee for monthly resources which is usually less than usage (overlimit) fees.

DNS Record
(Also referred to as Custom DNS record) Important categories of data stored in the DNS include A records, CNAME records, MX records amd more.

DNS Zone
A zone in the Domain Name System (DNS) is a subdivision of the entire DNS namespace. A particular DNS server has authority to resolve DNS queries for DNS zone.
 
Domain
The main subdivision of Internet addresses, i.e: .com, .net, .org, and it tells you what kind of organization you are dealing with. The Domain resource is responsible for DNS hosting and is required by all specific domain types, such as Domain Registration, Domain Transfer, Third Level Domain, etc. See also Subdomain.
 
Domain Alias
(also referred to as stack domain) An extra domain name that points to a 'primary' domain. Domain alias can have its own DNS zone, custom DNS records and their own mail service. Example: the owner of the domain name example.com registers domain alias example.net which points to example.com. Every Internet user who goes to example.net will land in example.com.

Domain Mover
A java tool used to move second- and third-level domains running on a shared IP.

Domain Registrar
A company that provides domain registration services.H-Sphere supports Enom, OpenSRS, Alldomains, OnlineNIC, DirectI, RRPproxy, Ascionic or Email Domain Registrar.

Domain Registrar Manager
An H-Sphere utility that supports automatic domain registration services with multiple domain registration providers.

Domain Renewal
Extending domain registration when registration period expires. In H-Sphere you can choose between manual and automatic renew modes.

Domain Transfer
Moving domains already registered from outside your CP with any registrar to OpenSRS or Enom registars. Transfering domains will automatically cancel your agreement with the original registrar, update domain's info and change its DNS servers in the OpenSRS registrar's db to the H-Sphere ones.

Double Bounce Message
A double-bounce occurs when a bounce notice bounces.



E

EasyApp
A package consisting of over 30 PHP/MySQL applications, such as Blogs, CMS & Portals, Forums, E-Commerce etc.
 
E-Commerce
Electronic business of buying and selling goods and services on the Internet, using web pages. H-Sphere supports two e-commerce solutions: Miva Merchant and osCommerce.

Email Domain Registrar
(In versions before 2.4.2, also called Custom Domain Registrar or Offline Domain Registration.)
A non-automated domain registration right from user control panel. Can also be used with unsupported registrars.

Email Invoicing
An ability to receive invoice emails.

Email Notification
H-Sphere allows sending the following messages: welcome messages, email domian registration, tax exemption notifications, trial warnings, accounting messages, etc.

Error Document
Error page coming from the web server when the requested page fails to open.

Error Log
A log file that stores data about errors generated by the server (e.g. Page Not Found error) or by your CGI scripts. It identifies any errors that might be accruing on your web site. It allows you to find out about any problems on your web site before your visitors do.

E-Store
A website used to sell goods and services.

Expired Domain
A domain that has not been reregistered by the owner in the grace period allotted eventually becomes expired, or unusable by the owner, and is placed into the pool of available names again. You cannot renew an expired domain via H-Sphere.

EXPressia
An H-Sphere skin that has the navigation scheme where pages are accessible from the horisontal javascript navigation bar AND icons on the home page.



F

 
File Manager
(Also referred to as WebShell) An application that can be used instead of or along with an FTP client to navigate home directory and manage its content.

FTP Subaccount
A combination of a username and a password, which gives full FTP permissions to a single directory, without giving access to the root directory, other directories or the control panel. No dedicated IP is required for FTP subaccounts. Although each FTP subaccount has a login which is different from yours, both have the same ID in the system. See also Anonymous FTP and Virtual FTP.



G

Global Resources
Resources that have effect on the entire system. By default, they are all enabled in the system. Disabling global resources will make them unavailable for use by all new customers under all plans, including first hand customers, resellers and their end users. However, it won't affect existing users who have been using these resources.

Guestbook
A PHP-based application that allows users to leave comments about your site, contact information, etc.


H

Home page
(also referred to as Index page) A temporary index page added to your site's directory the moment an account is registered. It will be there until the site is uploaded and replaced with own index page (e.g. yoursite/index.html).


I

Instant Alias
A temporary address providing immediate access to users' domains from the Internet.

Instant Alias Template
A utility used to manage Instant Aliases. Creating an instant alias template will automatically add one or more A-DNS records to your service zone. These records resolve all your logical servers.

Instant domain alias
An additional web address that gives access to your website when you don't have a real domain name or when your real domain name is temporarily unavailable. Instant domain aliases are generated randomly based on your provider's domain name and can't be changed.
 
IP-based CP SSL
A CP SSL that allocates spare IPs to the control panel server. See also Port-based CP SSL.

 
IP Pool
A menu in Dedicated Servers section in H-Sphere 2.5+ administrator cp to manage additional IPs. IP pool for dedicated hosting can include several IP subnets.



J



K

Kanoodle.com
A Referral Partner Program that enables your company to issue FREE $5.00 Kanoodle.com Pay-Per-Click advertising accounts to your hosting clients.

Key File
A file that contains a unique SSL private key.

Knowledge Base
A system that helps TechSupport admins and TechSupport assistants to compose answers to customer questions and problems. Technically, the KnowledgeBase system checks the trouble ticket against the knowledge base to find the most relevant suggested replies that appear on the trouble ticket page.


L

Left Menu Skin
An H-Sphere interface skin that has a quick access page linking to the most frequently used pages, though the principal navigation is through the left side menu.

Load Balanced Server
A server that assigns work loads to a set of networked computer servers in such a manner that the resources are used in an optimal manner. H-Sphere interface allows you to visualize load balanced server clusters.

Log File
A file that lists actions that have occurred.
 
Logical Server
Programs that run on physical servers and process client requests. For instance when we talk about web, mail, DNS, mysql and other servers, we mean logical servers. See also Physical Server.

Login Page
A CP URL that provides access to H-Sphere Control Panel by entering login and password.



M

Mailbox
An area in memory or on a storage device used to send and receive e-mails via client based mail software and store mail on the hosting mail server.

Mailbox Alias
Alternative addresses to existing mailboxes on the same domain name. Messages sent to a mailbox alias arrive to the primary mailbox.

Mailbox Password
An alphanumeric combination that authenticates logging into the mailbox. It is required when logging into the mailbox outside control panel or when configuring an external mail client to access the mailbox.

Mailbox Quota
The restriction on how many MB of mail can be stored in a mailbox. It can't be stored more than allowed by the mailbox quota. It is not included into the site disk space quota. If a hosting plan allows, the initial free mailbox quota can be increased.

Mail Domain Alias
An alternative domain name to a mail domain. It's an obligatory resource for Email only plans, therefore not listed as an option in their wizards.

Mail Forward
A resource that allows to forward all the incoming mail to another address.

Mailing List
(also referred to as Distribution List) An automated system that allows people to send email to one address where the message is then copied and sent to all of the other subscribers to the maillist.

Mail Manager
This is the place to manage all aspects of email service, including mailboxes, forwarding rules, mailing lists, mailbox aliases and autoresponders. Also, this is where the password to any of email accounts can be changed.

Mail Relay
The process of sending a message from one point to another through an intermediary. Any mail server that supports this should have some kind of filter system in place to avoid unauthorized use by spammers. Mail servers without this protection are open to hijacking.

Mail SSL
An SSL certificate type that allows to install SSL on the service DNS zone to secure mail sent and received by your customers' mail clients (such as Outlook Express). Mail SSL is enabled globally in the system for all end users, including those under resellers. It is available only to master admin.

Mass Mail
An H-Sphere feature that allows to send one message to a number of users.

Merchant Gateway
Internet service that enables online processing of credit cards.

Merchant Gateway Manager
A configurable H-Sphere add-on that allows you to set up and alter merchant gateways, the media for conducting transactions with online credit card processing centers.

Mime Types
This utililty allows you to define file formats that are not defined in web browsers. This enables the browser to display or output files that are not in HTML format, just like it displays simple text files, .gif graphics files and PostScript files.
 
Miva Merchant
A third-party e-commerce solution that gives access to the tools you need to develop, maintain, and grow a thriving online store.

mnogoSearch
An H-Sphere integrated search engine that searches their sites by keywords.

Moderation
(also Account Moderation) Manual activation of newly registered accounts.

Modlogan
A free statistics package included into H-Sphere installation. It is available only for Linux hosted accounts.

Money Back
The money in H-Sphere is returned either by check or by crediting the account balance, but can't be issued to credit cards! Only the latest billing period/month recurrent charges can be refunded. Other charges can be returned by crediting accounts manually.
Money back Period
If users quit hosting during the Moneyback Period, they are refunded all recurrent charges that are neither adjusted to refund percentage nor prorated to the days remaining to the billing period closure. If users quit hosting after the MoneybackPeriod, refunds are calculated as described above.

Mount Point
The directory through which the mounted filesystem is accessed.
 
MRTG (The Multi Router Traffic Grapher)
A logical server used for dedicated hosting. It receives servers' traffic data from network switches and displays traffic graphs to end users. This software is installed from hsphere-mrtg-rrd system package in H-Sphere 2.5+.
 
MX Record - Mail Exchange record
Points to hosts that accept mail messages on behalf of the host. Creates a mail route for a domain name. See also A Records and CNAME Records.


N

No Menu Skin
An H-Sphere skin with the navigation scheme where pages are accessible from clicking navigation icons on the home page.



O

Online Store
A web site that accepts direct payments in exchange for goods and services. H-Sphere User control panel comes with two on-line store builders, Miva Merchant and osCommerce.

Open SSL
An open source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. The core library (written in the C programming language) implements the basic cryptographic functions and provides various utility functions.
 
osCommerce
An open source third-party e-commerce solution that is released under the GNUGeneral Public License (GPL).

P

Permanent SSL Certificate
An SSL Certificate acquired from a trusted Certificate Authority.

phpBB
H-Sphere integrated, fully scalable, and highly customizable bulletin board package.
 
Physical Server
Actually or virtually separate computers with their own operating systems (Linux, FreeBSD Unix, or Windows). They can be emulated with VPS, VMWare or other software packages. See also Logical Server

Plan
A set of parametres that determine the account type or, in other words, priveleges and hosting resources/services granted to an account owner. Plans are created and edited with plan wizards.

Plan Group
A set of plans created on the basis of their compatibility.
 
Plan Wizard
A utility developed to create and edit plan settings.
 
POP before SMTP
An SMTP based protocol, in which the relay system collects IP addresses of users who successfully authenticate themselves with a POP server, and then permits SMTP relaying from that IP address for a short period of time. See also SMTP AUTH
 
Port-based CP SSL
A CP SSL that allocates open ports to the control panel server. See also IP-based CP SSL
 
Primary Server
(also referred to as Master Server) A primary server is authoritative for one or more DNS zones. Each server maintains its data in database files, and may transfer this data periodically to a secondary server if one exists in the zone. See also Authoritative Server.
 
Private Key
The key that a user keeps secret in asymmetric encryption. It can encrypt or decrypt data for a single transaction but cannot do both.

Promotion
A flexible discount or promotion plans based on the default Constant Percent Discount calculator or on custom calculators.

 
Public Key
The key that is open to all authorized senders for secure encryption of messages to be sent to the receiver who holds the counterpart private key.



Q



R

Raw Logs
Log files that are processed to obtain readable information, usually in the form of tables and charts.

Real Server
A software program from RealNetworks that allows the streaming of audio, video and rich media files. H-Sphere supports all versions of RealServer that have ISPHosting support.

Recurrent Fee
Recurrent fee for monthly resources: fee for each GB of traffic or MB of disk space reserved over free units; charged inprorated for the whole billing month in advance at the moment of purchase and since then at the beginning of each billing month.

Redirect URL
The option that allows you to change the file that appears when a user enters a specific file's web address.

Referrer Log
A log file that stores the list of URLs from which visitors were referred to your customer's site.

Referral program
See Affiliate program

Refund
The money return method in H-Sphere when the account balance is automatically credited.

Refund Percentage
Defines how much of the recurrent charge will be returned to the user.

Regional Settings
An option that allows you to customize currency settings and date representation.

Registrar
A business that is given permission to register domain names on behalf of anyone wishing to obtain one. Registrars collect fees, maintain record information, and manage registration, re-registration, and expiration of domains.

Reseller
On the one hand, a reseller is a user to the system and has a reseller account. On the other hand, a reseller has a reseller administrative account, which is created from inside the reseller account.

Reseller CP Alias
Temporary addresses that are used to access reseller control panels until they are changed to resellers' own URLs.

Reseller CP SSL
A protocol which allows securing reseller control panels by allocating either spare IPs or open ports to the control panel server. It is available only for Apache installations of H-Sphere because it uses virtual hosts in the Apache configuration file.

Reseller Shared SSL
An SSL certificate type that allows resellers to install wildcard certificates to secure their customers' websites.

Reverse DNS
A method of resolving an IP address into a domain name, just as the domain name system (DNS) resolves domain names into associated IP addresses.

Reverse Traceroute
A net troubleshooting tool that allows you to ping any Internet host from your hosting server. In other words, you can use this tool to determine if a host is reachable and how long it takes for the signal to go all the way through.



S

 
Secondary Server
(also referred to as Slave Server) An authoritative server that obtains information about a zone from a Primary Server via a zone transfer mechanism.

Secure URL
The URL employed by S-HTTP or SSL protocols to support sending data securely over the World Wide Web.

Server Alias
Additional names for your virtual host. Unlike domain aliases, they are not added to your DNS zone, and are registered only with apache.

Server Farm
(Also referred to as Server Cluster, Computer Farm or Ranch.) A group of networked servers that are housed in one location. A server farm streamlines internal processes by distributing the workload between the individual components of the farm and expedites computing processes by harnessing he power of multiple servers.

Server Group
A group of Logical servers of the same nature and purpose. See also Logical Server.
 
Service Account
An account type that allows H-Sphere owner and resellers to manage their promotional corporate sites. It is created with User Plan.
 
Service Domain
A domain included only for the administrative plans (like System plan) to host and manage your corporate web-site. To enable users register third level domains with the second level domain name of your corporate site, register it as a service domain.

Service IP
An address assigned to a Service Domain.

Service Zone
An H-Sphere term referred to a subdivision of the service domain namespace.

Setup Fee
Single time fee charged at the moment a unit of specific resource is acuried over free units.
 
Shared IP
An IP address where one server with one IP address holds multiple domain names. See also Dedicated IP.

Shared IP tag
A digital "mark" that is assigned to all accounts created under this plan. All sites located on the same logical host are usually assigned the same shared IP. Shared IP Tags allow dedicating a different shared IP to a group of sites.

Shared SSL
SSL encryption which uses wildcard certificates to secure third level domains. For instance, if provider.com is a service domain offered for third level hosting, you can set up a wildcard certificate on provider.com to secure domains like user1.provider.com.

Signup Guard
An H-Sphere feature that helps to moderate signups.
 
SMTP AUTH
An SMTP based protocol, in which the client must send a name and password in addition to the normal SMTP envelope information. This requires a special client, which has been configured to use this protocol. See also POP before SMTP.
 
SPF - Sender Policy Framework
An extension that figthts e-mail forgery in SMTP transaction. It prevents unauthorized people from forging email addresses. See also SRS.
 
SRS - Sender Rewriting Scheme
A mechanism to rewrite sender addresses when a mail is forwarded in such a way that mail forwarding continues to work in an SPF compliant world. See also SPF.
 
SSL - Secure Sockets Layer
Cryptographic protocols which provide secure communications on the Internet.

Stop-gap domain
A domain without domain name, DNS zones or e-mail service. Stopgap domains support web site management and FTP services. Users can access their sites using their instant domain aliases.
 
Subdomain
A lower level domain. You can create as many subdomains as allowed by the plan. Domains and subdomains have equal functional capabilities, including web site management, e-mail service, FTP, dedicated IPs, etc., but subdomains do not have their own DNS zones and usually cost less.



T

Tax Exemption
The mode where taxes are not calculated for an account; available for users from all countries, but particularly supported by European Union members due to certain peculiarities of EEC taxation.

Template
H-Sphere templates is basically what lays behind the H-Sphere Control Panel Web interface. For the most part, templates are written using Freemarker Java processing language for dynamic content generation.

Temporary SSL Sertificate
A certificate generated by your Control Panel, not trusted Certificate Authorities.

Text Based Skin
An obsolete H-Sphere skin, that was totally removed from CP interface. Instead, it was provided a possibility to choose the Text Links mode from the Choose Iconset select box, with text-only links instead of icons in the Quick Access page.

Third-level Domain
A domain based on the domain names you offer. For example, your domain name is example.com, a user can register third-level domain thirdlevel.example.com. Such domains have the same functionalities as regular domains.

Throttle Module
A utility developed to reduce the load on your bandwidth by delaying or refusing requests to your sites.

Ticket Center
(also referred to as Support Center) An integrated support center that allows you to communicate your problems to the technical support using a web browser.

Tracerout
A TCP/IP utility which allows the user to determine the route packets take to reach a particular host. Traceroute works by increasing the time to live value of each successive packet sent.
 
Traffic Limit
Defines how much traffic users can run up for one traffic month without being charged usage fee.

Trailer
(Also referred to as Message Trailer) A uniform text added to each message. Typically, it contains instructions on how to unsubscribe from the list and similar information for subscribers. There can be only one trailer for all messages within one mailing list.

Transaction Log
A fundamental component of a database management system. All changes to application data in the database are recorded serially in the transaction log. Using this information, the DBMS can track which transaction made which changes to SQL Server data.

Transfer Log
A log file that stores combined data about every visit to the site, including Remote host IP; Time of request; First line of request; Error generated by request, if any; Size of message sent in response to the request; Referrer; Agent ID.

Trial Credit Limit
The maximum amount of credit a trial user can run up acquiring paid resources.

Trial Hosting
Trial registration allows users to sign up and evaluate a full featured account for a set number of days (trial period) without being charged the fees to be paid for account setup and activity during the trial period if they decide to continue hosting with you. Trial registration can be enabled in any pay plan. Upon trial period expiry, the trial account automatically gets suspended.

Trial Period
A particular period of trial hosting validity.

TTL
Time To Live, the number of seconds remaining on a cached record before it is purged. If a record is cached, the server providing the record will provide the time remaining on the TTL rather then the original length it was given.


U

Urchin
A commercial third party software that provides detailed metrics about a website's visitor activity. Available both for Unix and Windows hosted accounts.
 
Usage Fee
Overlimit payment accrued at the end of each traffic month for each GB consumed over traffic limit. The pricing for extra traffic is fractional, per KB.

Users
A user is, for the most part, nothing but a login and password to enter H-Sphere control panel. One user can have many accounts created under different plans and platforms, and switch between them without having to log in every time.



V

 
Virtual FTP
Allows authorized or anonymous Internet users to download, upload or view files in user's FTP directories on the hosting server. See also FTP subaccount and Anonymous FTP.

Virtual Private Server
A cost effective solution that allows splitting your Linux boxes into many virtually isolated servers and saves you hardware related capital investments.


W

Webalizer
One of the most popular free statistics packages. It is available only for Linux hosted accounts.

Web Payment System
Pament service which allows any individual or business with an email address to securely and quickly send and receive payments online. H-Sphere supports WorldPay, PayPal, 2CheckOut, GestPay, PaySystems, PayNova and Webmoney.

Website SSL
An SSl type that allows users to install SSL certificates one per website right from their user control panels. For instance, a user can set up a certificate on user.com to have the user.com website secured with SSL. This can be installed only on websites with dedicated IPs.

Without billing
A billing type where billing profiles won't be created, and users won't be charged for any resources or services including those provided by third parties, such as domain registration by Enom or OpenSRS.

wwwuser
A service user that owns the service account for hosting the service domain.



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Y



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